Black-backed gulls are known to prey on the eggs and chicks of black-fronted terns, black-billed gulls, wrybills and banded dotterel – all native birds that breed on the river. environment and foraging along the coastal front. They can be found along coasts, rivers, and lakes. Inland South Black Backed Gulls Post by Liam Ballard » Sun Jan 22, 2017 1:17 am I know everyone has seen em before, and they are very common, but just for people's interest I just had about 6 black backed gulls blow in from the north - probably a result of this crazy weather. I love wandering along pristine beaches, amidst ancient forests, or on volcanoes. ALL NZ birds | They are sometimes shot, or controlled using toxins or by pricking their eggs. Nest sites and colonies are defended with loud, persistent calls; some will swoop at human intruders, but they are typically wary, and never make contact (unlike skuas and some terns). SHIPPING | They are voracious and relentless hunters, said to have only two reasons for living – to eat and reproduce. Elsewhere they are known as Dominican or kelp gulls. It feeds largely on bivalve molluscs, breaking the shell by carrying it to some height and dropping it on hard sand or on rock. in New Zealand. At a few sites, they are controlled to reduce their predatory impacts on threatened shorebirds, e.g. Quality New Zealand images by well known photographer Rob Suisted, Nature's Pic Images. When conditions are right and there is plenty of food, their numbers increase rapidly. Tarāpuka, the most threatened gull species in the world, is New Zealand's only endemic gull. Their own predators do not have much effect on controlling possum numbers. They do not generally venture far out to sea. Best, Elsdon, Forest Lore of the Maori, 1942. Breeds on most outlying islands; vagrant to Kermadec Is and Ross Sea. The wailing cry inspired poetry of lamentation: Tangi amio ana te karoro it te awa. They are common in urban parks, seeking hand-outs and scraps, or harvesting earthworms from water-logged playing fields. At 60 centimetres long, they are the largest of the gulls living in the country. The black-billed gull (Chroicocephalus bulleri), Buller's gull, or tarāpuka (Māori) is a Near Threatened species of gull in the family Laridae. bird MISCELLANY | Black Billed Gull (Tarapuka) This is the least common of the three native gulls and the only one that is endemic to New Zealand! There are probably over two million in coastal and near-shore environments, and inland waterways. New Zealand dotterel, shore plover and fairy tern. New Zealand is a land of birds, insects, and amazing landscapes. More 80 per cent of southern black-backed gulls/karoro will be eradicated in two Canterbury rivers bid to save their rare and threatened cousins. It is legal to kill black-backed gulls (they are classified as "not protected" under the Wildlife Act). The black-backed gull is a circumpolar navigator, living in and around the coasts of South America, South Africa, south–east Australia and New Zealand. vetula breeds in South Africa and dominicanus breeds widely in the subantarctic and temperate southern hemisphere. New Zealand has three resident species of gulls. ©  2005    Narena Olliver,    new zealand birds limited,     Greytown, New Zealand. More than two million black-backed gulls live around New Zealand’s coasts, rivers and near-shore islands. HOME | The Southern Black Backed Gull is a native New Zealand bird. Black-backed gulls or karoro (Larus dominicanus) can be found in the southern hemisphere from Antarctica to the subtropics. NZBIRDS WEBSITE. docked lambs’ tails), plus offal from fishing boats and processing factories. birds of other NATIONS | One of only two native bird species not afforded any level of protection under the Wildlife Act, they are predators and scavengers. Flocks gather at stranded or floating marine mammal carcasses, plus dead farm stock, where they consume both flesh and maggots. Photograph by Tony Wills. The black-backed gulls circle the channel, crying Black-backed gulls are plentiful and are found in many other countries. The king of the Atlantic waterfront, the Great Black-backed Gull is the largest gull in the world, with a powerful build and a domineering attitude. More 80 per cent of southern black-backed gulls/karoro will be eradicated in two Canterbury rivers bid to save their rare and threatened cousins. red spot at the tip of the lower bill; the eye is pale yellow and the legs greenish yellow; PAYMENT OPTIONS | In the adult, the head, neck, The black-backed gull is the largest gull in New Zealand. These large, grumpy looking birds are known for their intelligence and ability to hassle other birds out of a meal. They harry other birds to steal their food and even hunt adult birds such as grebes and puffins. Distribution and habitat. COLLECTIVE nouns | About 300 black-billed gulls, tarāpuka, have established a colony with about 130 nests in the half demolished and flooded foundations of a former office block on Armagh St. NZ. Although one of the most common and conspicuous birds of our coasts, according to Oliver, it does not appear to have been listed as a New Zealand bird until Gray, in Dieffenbach's Travels in New Zealand in 1843, included it. Mice are a key food source for stoats and feral cats in the New Zealand bush. GALLERIES & EXHIBITIONS | Known widely as ‘kelp gull’ in other countries, the same species is also common in similar latitudes around the southern hemisphere, including southern Australia, South America, southern Africa, and most subantarctic and peri-Antarctic islands, and the Antarctic Peninsula. CHECKLIST | TERMS OF SALE | “They support many important fish, animals and plants. The largest breeding colonies are on islands, steep headlands, sand or shingle spits, or on islands in shingle riverbeds. bird RESCUE | Oliver also records the destruction of large numbers of tuatara on Stephen's Island; "a gull waits at a burrow for hours until a tuatara emerges, grabs it and then flies to sea and back to its nest, dropping the lizard every now and then to kill it.". Heather, B., & Robertson, H., Field Guide to the Birds of New Zealand, 2000. They have been recorded catching and consuming a wide range of marine and terrestrial invertebrates, fish, small mammals, birds and their eggs and chicks. The gulls circle the channel, crying. Smaller than most gulls in the UK. Low tide was at 2.00 pm so I timed my assault to be in the main channel fishing by 12.00 pm. Free for commercial use, no attribution required. Oliver, W.R.B., New Zealand Birds, 1955. They harry other birds to steal their food and even hunt adult birds such as grebes and puffins. (More about black-backed gulls. upper wings are black with a narrow white trailing edge; the bill is yellow with a Southern black-backed gulls—commonly referred to in other parts of the world as kelp gulls—are generally considered to occur in two subspecies: L. d. dominicanus, found in South America, Australia and New Zealand, around numerous subantarctic islands and on the Antarctic Peninsula; and L. d. vetula, which breeds mainly in South Africa and Madagascar. The subspecies in New Zealand is the widespread Larus dominicanus dominicanus. The subspecies in New Zealand is the widespread Larus dominicanus dominicanus. In cities, they often roost and even nest on roofs. Black-fronted tern conservation. Rivers, lakes, deltas and ploughed fields are the feeding grounds of these terns. Lewin, William, Birds of Great Britain, 1794–1801. Adults have pale grey upperparts and dark reddish legs and bill. Of New Zealand’s gull species, black-blacked gulls are the largest, at 60 centimetres long. There are scattered colonies on the North Island coast, along with braided rivers in the Hawkes Bay and Wairarapa, as well as Lake Rotorua and Lake Taupo. There are several reasons for controlling colonies of this abundant native gull. Because they adapt well to changes in land use, they are often found in large flocks near farms where they sometimes attack sheep or newborn lambs. supply of insects and small animals off pasturelands to scavenging off refuse tips in the urban Adults are handsome with broad black wings, gleaming white head, and big yellow bill. Oliver records, that “the food of the black-backed gull consists of all kinds of animal matter. One of only two native bird species not afforded any level of protection under the Wildlife Act, they are predators and scavengers. In flight, look for a distinctive white leading edge to the wing, visible at some distance. The king of the Atlantic waterfront, the Great Black-backed Gull is the largest gull in the world, with a powerful build and a domineering attitude. Red-billed gulls are vulnerable and black-billed are nationally critical. This gull is found only in New Zealand, its ancestors having arrived from Australia around 250,000 years ago. The bill is yellow with a red spot at the tip of the lower bill. Males … The name comes from the Dominican … The black–backed gull was once fully protected under the Wildlife act 1953. — Margaret Orbell, The Natural World of the Maori, 1985. "While it's regrettable to lose any native birds, this particular loss of black-billed gulls is not expected to have a significant impact on the wider black-billed gull population," Keene said. The black-billed gull is the most endangered gull in the world.Although it is usually thought of as a seagull, this gull is found on major rivers (especially braided rivers), lakes, and farmland in the breeding season and generally prefers estuaries and coastal areas outside of the breeding season. Adults have white bodies, black wings, and a yellow bill and legs. SITE MAP | In the South Island, the black-billed gull is seen inland more frequently than the red-billed gull. The Southern Black Backed Gull (Larus dominicanus - Lichtenstein, 1823) The only large gull commonly found throughout New Zealand. They are under threat from several sources; cats, stoats, and ferrets take eggs, chicks and adults, and native swamp harriers and southern black-backed gulls take eggs and chicks. on-line STORE | are white flecked with brown; voice of young is a shrill whistle. 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